A Tale of Two Conventions
Charles Dickens came to mind again this week – his opening to A Tale of Two Cities – his intriguing contrast between “the best of times….the worst of times…the age of wisdom…the age of foolishness.” His cities were London and Paris. Ours were Tampa and Charlotte, but the contrasts remain the same. As we vote in November we need to decide. Tampa? Charlotte? Which offers us “the season of Light,” which ‘the season of Darkness?”
Maybe the conventions can offer us a clue because they were so very different – different on honesty, different on compassion and equality, different on economic growth and social justice, different on civil rights. Different – so making it easier to choose – different, so making it even clearer than it was before, just how vital it is for America’s long-term future that Democrats, and not Republicans, win in November.
The first convention, the one held in Tampa, was marked by an all-pervasive lack of respect for the present occupant of the White House and for the truth about his record in office. There was Clint Eastwood and the empty chair. There was Paul Ryan and the Medicare cuts, the failure of Bowles-Simpson, and the closure of the Janesville GM plant. There was Mitt Romney on the support Republicans supposedly gave the Obama presidency at its outset, on the “apology tour”, and on the throwing of Israel under the bus. There was the persistent subterranean soft birtherism of the Party’s repeated claim that only Republicans understood and valued American exceptionalism. (Barack Obama certainly did not. How could he, since he supposedly “just doesn’t get it.”) Republican speakers struggled in Tampa to hold together two intrinsically incompatible claims; that America is still the greatest country on the face of the earth, and yet is currently so scarred by un-American levels of unemployment, poverty and indebtedness to China that it requires new leadership at the top. The only way that Republicans could square that circle was to blame the President (and the President alone) for all our contemporary economic difficulties, even though in truth the unemployment, poverty and indebtedness with which we now struggle – as Republicans well know – was a legacy from the presidency of George W. Bush. The Obama Administration did not create the crisis. They inherited it. Because they did, and because Republicans cannot afford to admit that they did, systematic lying had to become central to the presentation of the Republican case in Tampa. For the underlying truth here is that the policies now being proposed by Romney and by Ryan are the very ones that created our present economic difficulties when pursued by George W. Bush. But no self-respecting Republican dare admit that. After all, “elect us and we will make things worse” will hardly be a winning slogan for Republicans in November. Lying is so much more preferable to truth, when the truth could be so costly in votes.
Now compare that to the underlying accuracy of the message coming from the Democrats in Charlotte. Unlike the Republicans in Tampa, the Democrats were not selling a policy package that was basically fraudulent. On the contrary and convention hyperbole apart, they had an honest story to tell, one indeed that they told endlessly. It was a story of difficult conditions inherited and of best efforts made to address those conditions – and of those best efforts being made in spite of unprecedented degrees of Republican resistance. “Facts are facts,” as Martin O’Malley put it. “No President since Franklin Delano Roosevelt in the Great Depression inherited a worse economy, bigger job losses or deeper problems from his predecessor.” Or as President Clinton had it, Barack Obama “inherited a deeply damaged economy.” “He started with a much weaker economy than I did.” “He put a floor under the crash. He began the long hard road to recovery.” He “laid the foundation for a modern, more well-balanced economy.” Indeed the case for Obama’s record was put far better by Clinton than by Obama himself. “No president,” Clinton said, “no president, not me, not any of my predecessors, no one could have fully repaired all the damage that he found in just four years.” And particularly could not have done it in the political conditions to which Clinton also properly drew attention. “Maybe,” he said, “just because I grew up in a different time…though I often disagreed with Republicans, I actually never learned to hate them the way the far right that now controls their party seems to hate our president and a lot of other Democrats.”  It wasn’t just honesty that was available in greater volume in Charlotte than in Tampa. It was also civility and the toleration of difference.
Why? Well perhaps because the Tampa convention was attended by a Republican party-base that seemed uniquely low on diversity, high on anger, and short on the compassionate conservatism that more liberal Republicans like Jeb Bush still so enthusiastically espouse. When Mitt Romney, in his acceptance address, spoke of his capacity to create a united America that “will care for the poor and the sick, will honor and respect the elderly, and will give a helping hand to those in need,” the audience in Tampa largely forgot to clap. When earlier Jeb Bush spoke of every child in America having an equal opportunity regardless of their ethnic background, that same audience was largely silent. But when both men spoke of school choice, the hall became immediately ecstatic. For “choice” encapsulates the escape route theory of poverty resolution. It is Republican code for breaking from poverty by leaving the poor behind. You don’t solve poverty. You just shake it off yourself, leaving it for others to endure; and you measure your own success by your distance from the rest. Speaker after speaker at Tampa provided us with personal stories to that effect. Nowhere in those Republican narratives was there any concession to the way in which market competition produces losers as well as winners; or to the resulting inequality of resources experienced by the children of both the winners and the losers, as they – the children – begin their own market-based competitive struggle to realize the American Dream. So committed were the speakers in Tampa to a politics that privileged equality of opportunity over equality of outcomes that they entirely failed to grasp the extent to which the “outcomes” produced by the unbridled pursuit of “opportunity” in the years since Ronald Reagan abandoned the war on poverty are now so unequal that only public policy to level the playing field can make the competition in any way fair for the next generation of Americans.
Now compare that to the basic message coming from the Democrats in Charlotte – to and from a convention audience which was visibly more diverse in its composition than that in Tampa, and arguably also less angry, more hopeful, much higher on genuine compassion. True, the content of last Tuesday’s keynote speech paralleled in many ways the personal success stories rolled out in Tampa, but it did so with one key additional element. That although Texas (Julian Castro is the mayor of San Antonio) “may be the one place where people still actually have bootstraps, and we expect folks to pull themselves up by them,” even so, Democrats “also recognize there are some things we can’t do alone. We have to come together and invest in opportunity today for prosperity tomorrow.” “We all celebrate individual success,” Castro said, “but the question is, how do we multiply that success?” Not, according to Michelle Obama, “when you’ve worked hard and done well, and walked through that doorway of opportunity, by then “slam[ming] it shut behind you.” No, “you reach back, and you give other folks the same chances that helped you succeed.” Instead of leaving the poor behind, the responsibility of middle-class and super-rich Americans alike was and is to address the problem of poverty head-on. We cannot afford, Deval Patrick told the Democratic crowd, to leave the children of the poor “on their own to deal with their poverty: with ill-prepared young parents, maybe who speak English as a second language; with underfunded schools; with neighborhood crime and blight; with no access to nutritious food and no place for mom to cash a paycheck; with a job market that needs skills they don’t have; with no way to pay for college.” Why? Because those children, he said, are yours and mine too – and among them are “future scientists, entrepreneurs, teachers, artists, engineers, laborers and civic leaders we desperately need. For this country to rise, they must rise.” As the party platform put it, “we must make ending poverty a national priority:” not least by raising the minimum wage and by fighting “for equal pay for equal work, a strong labor movement, and access to a world-class education for every child.”
ECONOMIC GROWTH AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
The way the Republicans tell it, we have so much federal debt now because Big Government has mushroomed in Washington DC. And because we have, the best way to restore prosperity to the American middle class – cutting unemployment and poverty quickly and effectively – is to reduce the size of government, take the regulatory burden off business (especially off small businesses), lower taxes on everyone (including the super-rich) and let private-sector job creators get on with the thing they do best: taking risks and making profits. The Tampa story was one of a uniquely American individualism and entrepreneurial spirit blocked by a Democratic Administration’s enthusiasm for European-style welfare capitalism or – in more extreme cases – for Cuban-style totalitarianism. Lost from that narrative was any concession to the fact that federal debt mushroomed after 2008 only because the private sector had already gone into crisis. Lost was any concession that the economy was well on its way to recession before Barack Obama took office, and was heading towards recession primarily because of the excesses of an inadequately regulated private financial sector. Missing from the Tampa narrative too was any recognition that the most successful American economic sectors – from armament production and finance, through big agriculture, big energy and “Big Pharma” – are the sectors closest to government and most dependent on federal aid. The Republicans in Tampa kept claiming that “we built it,” entirely missing in the process the extent to which both President Obama was right (when he said the “building” relied on publicly provided infrastructure as well as on private initiative) and that earlier Elizabeth Warren had been right: companies rely on more than the highly-paid person in the top office. They rely too on the quality and commitment of their other stakeholders: not least the people who work diligently to make and sell the products/services the company generates; and the consumers whose income (if rising fast enough) enable those products to be sold, so making profit-taking possible. There was a time when both Republicans and senior business leaders knew that, but visibly those days have now gone.
Compare that to the view of the relationship between public policy and private gain in the basic message coming from the Democrats in Charlotte. “This Republican narrative – this alternative universe,” President Clinton called it, “says that every one of us…who amounts to anything, we’re all completely self-made….As Bob Strauss used to say…every politician wants every voter to believe he was born in a log cabin he built himself. But as Strauss then admitted, it ain’t so. We Democrats think the country works better with…business and government actually working together to promote growth and broadly shared prosperity. We believe that ‘we’re all in this together’ is a far better philosophy than ‘you’re on your own’.” “In times like this,” as Deval Patrick earlier put it, Democrats “believe that government has a role to play, not in solving every problem in everybody’s life, but in helping people help themselves to the American Dream.” “We don’t think government can solve all our problems,” the President told the convention in the midst of his acceptance speech, but also “we don’t think that government is the source of all our problems” On the contrary, public spending has a vital role to play in the upgrading of social capital, one reason presumably why the Democratic Party platform is currently replete with proposals for public investment in “clean energy, manufacturing…research, and a network of manufacturing hubs;” and in “roads, bridges, rail and public transport systems, airports, ports, and sewers – all” presented as “critical to economic growth.”
The speakers in Tampa were also united in one other general set of assertions: a shared view that market-generated outcomes are everywhere preferable, that state-designed outcomes are everywhere inferior, and that strong market-generated outcomes are never the product of previous sound public policy. The starkest example of that myopia was the speech by Condoleezza Rice, her celebration of her own life as the quintessential story of the American Dream. She told the story as one that took her from the racially-segregated south of her childhood to the color-blind senior positions of the American state; but she told it without once mentioning the civil rights struggles that had won the legislative change which alone had made her personal story possible. Nor did she even genuflect to, let alone condemn, that wing of the current Republican Party that is prepared to undo that legislation on the grounds that it is unconstitutional. Add to that too Ann Romney’s remarkable opening tribute to the struggles of working mothers, including single mothers – a tribute worthy of any Democratic Party convention – but one made in Tampa without any recognition that easing those struggles requires a set of public policies entirely at variance to those now being proposed by a uniquely misogynistic Republican Party. (Given the disproportionate presence of woman among the poor and the old in America, you don’t help single mothers by cutting welfare, or retirees by making Medicare a voucher program.) And her husband then capped it all by accusing those of us who favor a degree of progressive taxation of setting Americans against one another: entirely failing to recognize that it is the existing level of class-based, race-based and gender-based inequality that divides Americans one from another, and that sensitively deployed progressive taxation is a highly effective way of bringing us all closer together in a genuine sharing of our collective wealth.
Compare that to the message coming from the Democrats in Charlotte. Against a Republican platform opposed to trade unions, opposed to abortion even after incest or rape, and opposed to any repeal of the Defense of Marriage Act, the Democratic Party platform asserted its commitment to a wide set of civil rights. The comparison between the two platforms is illuminating. “Through Obamacare,” according to the Republican platform, “the current Administration has promoted the notion of abortion as healthcare. We, however, affirm the dignity of women by protecting the sanctity of human life.” We “support a human life amendment to the Constitution and endorse legislation to make clear that the Fourteenth Amendment’s protections apply to unborn children” This, in a section of the Republican program insisting that “marriage, the union of one man and one woman, must be upheld as the national standard,” and following one welcoming the spread of right-to-work legislation and proposing the “enactment of a National Right-to-Work law.” The Democratic Party platform could not be more different. “Democrats believe that the right to organize and collectively bargain is a fundamental American value; every American should have a voice on the job and the chance to negotiate for a fair day’s pay after a hard day’s work.” “The Democratic Party strongly and unequivocally supports Roe v Wade and a woman’s right to make decisions regarding her pregnancy, including a safe and legal abortion, regardless of ability to pay.” “Abortion is an intensely personal decision between a woman, her family, her doctor and her clergy: there is no place for politicians or government to get in the way.” And this: the Democratic Party unambiguously “supports marriage equality and…the movement to secure equal treatment under law for same-sex couples.”
So don’t let anybody tell you that these parties are the same, or that now is the time for third-party voting. The parties are not the same, and the choice could not be starker. For progressives, the domestic record of the Obama Administration in its first term has been, and remains, a mixture of some things done well and many things done badly: particularly things done badly on home foreclosures, and on poverty programs. But however unsatisfactory the Obama first-term ledger may look when measured against the grandest of progressive hopes in 2008, its center of gravity is still way to the left of anything that the Republicans are offering. So all the important stuff still to be done – like saving the legacy of the New Deal, setting the path towards renewed middle-class prosperity, having some chance of alleviating poverty on any significant scale, and meeting the civil rights of oppressed minorities and an entire gender – all this requires that we campaign for and vote for Democrats in November: campaign for Democrats in earnest and vote for Democrats in volume. Whatever else we need in this country right now, we certainly need Barack Obama back in the White House and liberal Democrats back in control of both Houses of Congress – and we have just two months left to make sure that they are.
The opening lines of A Tale of Two Cities also contain another contrast: one between “the spring of hope” and the “winter of despair.” As November 6th approaches, it is time once more to pick a season. We need to pick wisely and we need to pick well.
 The text of the Ryan speech is available at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/29/paul-ryan-speech-text_n_1829354.html?utm_hp_ref=elections-2012
 The text of the Romney speech is available at http://www.tampabay.com/news/politics/full-text-of-mitt-romneys-rnc-speech/1249012
 The refrain in the speech by Tom Stemberg, the co-founder of Staples: available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/election-2012/wp/2012/08/30/staples-founder-obama-doesnt-get-it/
 Strangely, the most honest of the main Republican speakers on this was Jeb Bush, admitting the inheritance was a tough one. But then he too quickly told the President to stop blaming his predecessor!
 If both parties exaggerate to the point of deceit, the Democrats will be the losers, because they have an honest story to tell, and yet the credibility of their rebuttal of Republican lies will lose all credibility. At the convention, the Clinton speech was full of data, the bulk of it confirmed later as accurate by fact-checkers. ( For details, see http://www.npr.org/2012/09/06/160697493/most-facts-check-out-in-bill-clintons-dnc-speech). Biden and Obama were less careful. The exaggerations in their presentations were well picked up by The Washington Post. See http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/fact-checker/post/fact-checking-obamas-and-bidens-speeches-at-the-democratic-convention-in-charlotte/2012/09/07/ef79e0b6-f8a0-11e1-8b93-c4f4ab1c8d13_blog.html?wpisrc=nl_pmpolitics.
 The full text is available at http://washingtonexaminer.com/full-text-maryland-gov.-martin-omalleys-dnc-speech/article/2506951
 The full text is available at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/05/bill-clinton-speech-text-_n_1850531.html?utm_hp_ref=elections-2012
 The full text is available at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/04/julian-castro-speech-text_n_1852500.html
 The full text is available at http://www.npr.org/2012/09/04/160578836/transcript-michelle-obamas-convention-speech
 Page 54. The full text is available at http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/09/04/us/politics/20120904-DNC-platform.html
 The original quote: “There are a lot of wealthy, successful Americans who agree with me — because they want to give something back. They know they didn’t — look, if you’ve been successful, you didn’t get there on your own. You didn’t get there on your own. I’m always struck by people who think, well, it must be because I was just so smart. There are a lot of smart people out there. It must be because I worked harder than everybody else. Let me tell you something — there are a whole bunch of hardworking people out there. (Applause.)If you were successful, somebody along the line gave you some help. There was a great teacher somewhere in your life. Somebody helped to create this unbelievable American system that we have that allowed you to thrive. Somebody invested in roads and bridges. If you’ve got a business — you didn’t build that. Somebody else made that happen. The Internet didn’t get invented on its own. Government research created the Internet so that all the companies could make money off the Internet. The point is, is that when we succeed, we succeed because of our individual initiative, but also because we do things together. There are some things, just like fighting fires, we don’t do on our own. I mean, imagine if everybody had their own fire service. That would be a hard way to organize fighting fires. This is not “insulting,” it is just the way it is.” (available at: http://www.nationofchange.org/latest-lie-you-didn-t-build-1342451525)
 The original quote: ““I hear all this, you know, “Well, this is class warfare, this is whatever.”—No! There is nobody in this country who got rich on his own. Nobody. You built a factory out there—good for you! But I want to be clear. You moved your goods to market on the roads the rest of us paid for. You hired workers the rest of us paid to educate. You were safe in your factory because of police forces and fire forces that the rest of us paid for. You didn’t have to worry that marauding bands would come and seize everything at your factory, and hire someone to protect against this, because of the work the rest of us did. Now look, you built a factory and it turned into something terrific, or a great idea—God bless. Keep a big hunk of it. But part of the underlying social contract is you take a hunk of that and pay forward for the next kid who comes along.” (available at http://reason.com/blog/2012/07/19/elizabeth-warren-again-nobody-got-rich-o )
 Hedrick Smith, ‘When Capitalists Cared,” The New York Times, September 2, 2012: available at http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/03/opinion/henry-ford-when-capitalists-cared.html
 The full text is available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/dnc-2012-obamas-speech-to-the-democratic-national-convention-full-transcript/2012/09/06/ed78167c-f87b-11e1-a073-78d05495927c_story.html?hpid=z2&wpisrc=nl_wonk
 Page 40. The full text is available at http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/09/04/us/politics/20120904-DNC-platform.html
 The text of the Rice speech is available at http://dyn.politico.com/printstory.cfm?uuid=910754E8-B66C-6A1C-0B7388E2D7A92985
 The text of the Ann Romney speech is available at http://dyn.politico.com/printstory.cfm?uuid=910754E8-B66C-6A1C-0B7388E2D7A92985
 Ibid, p.31
 Ibid, p. 8
 Op.cit, p. 42
 Op.cit, p. 52
 Op.cit, p. 53
 http://www.davidcoates.net/2012/05/11/the-unfinished-business-of-the-obama-administration-poverty-unemployment/ (There has been way too much focus in Charlotte this week on welfare-to-work for the poor, and far too little insistence on welfare-to-work for the rich. If corporate welfare fails to generate work for others, it is corporate welfare that needs to be cut, not welfare for the poor, and Democratic convention speakers should have said that more regularly than they did.)
Tags: 2012 election, Barack Obama, Bill Clinton, Civil Rights, Compassion, democratic party, Deval Patrick, Elizabeth Warren, Honesty, Joe Biden, Julian Castro, Michelle Obama, Mitt Romney, Paul Ryan, Republican Party, Social Justice
David Coates holds the Worrell Chair in Anglo-American Studies at Wake Forest University. He is the author of Answering Back: Liberal Responses to Conservative Arguments, New York: Continuum Books, 2010.
He writes here in a personal capacity.